Developing learning outcomes are based on the results of your instructional analysis (Step 3).
Learning outcomes must be specific and measurable.
When creating learning outcomes, think about how you will assess them.
Learning outcomes and assessment must be aligned.
When thinking about learning outcomes, it is sometimes helpful to consider Bloom's Revised Taxonomy and Church's adaption entitled Bloom's Digital Taxonomy. The image link under the lecture video links below will take you to Andrew Church's 2009 paper which discusses this in depth.
Lecture Video for Step 4. What are Learning Outcomes? aka learning outcomes, performance objectives, and other similar concepts. Extracting learning objectives from the needs analysis, instructional goals, and instructional analysis. Defining learning objectives so that learners will understand what the outcomes will be, establish criteria for assessment of success, and communicate to other vested parties (administrators, co-teachers, future teachers, etc.) what will need to be taught so these objectives can be met (learned). How do learning objectives relate to testing and assessment (see Step 5.)? - Transcript (pdf)and